The Struggle for Energy Democracy in the Maghreb

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Read the whole report here: https://ejnorthafrica.files.wordpress.com/2017/11/hamza-study-book-eng-web.pdf

The European Union and its member states claim that its international
relations are guided by values and principles based on democracy
and human rights. Countless projects are financed and implemented
in this regard. Actual politics speak another language though. The
“security interests” of the European Union demand collaboration with
undemocratic rulers within societies that prohibit possibilities for free
political participation. The governments of such societies are in a bind:
required to function in spite of high foreign debt and the repercussions
of the conditions enforced by International Financial Institutions,
sovereign planning and development are made impossible. In Tunisia,
for example, the annual amount for public debt servicing is currently
higher than the budgets for education and health combined. The
situation of big parts of North African populations is dire and those
who (are forced to) migrate to other counties represent just one type
of impact. Continue reading

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Trailer: “Paradises of the Earth” Web Video Series

Check out the trailer! Watch the full series on the web starting Nov. 5. #ParadisesOfTheEarth

“Paradises of the Earth” is a four-part short documentary series, here’s the story we want to tell you about…

Defying the artificial borders that divide them, a “solidarity caravan” of North African revolutionaries embarks on an unlikely trip to visit Tunisian communities fighting social and environmental injustice. As their white bus skirts across southern Tunisia’s arid landscape, they stop by three towns deeply affected by the country’s rabid phosphate industry and one where farmers have successfully taken back their lands. Not coincidentally, these towns are also the cradles of the 2011 revolutions which swept through their countries. For many in this caravan, these uprisings failed to not only confront oppressive socio-economic conditions in which their people lived for decades, but also environmental ones. Like many other places in the world, North Africa, has seen its resources plundered by extractivist industries which plow through the natural landscape. Often anchoring itself by making poor communities dependent on polluting industries, extractivism maintains the accumulation of capital by sacrificing people and nature. It destroys the ecosystems in its path, displacing people and leaving those who remain with nothing more than toxic waste. For this solidarity caravan, these polluting industries are just one aspect of the neocolonialism that subjugates their peoples. Each of the four episodes focuses on a different town: the polluted coastal oasis of Gabes; the dusty phosphate mining towns of Redeyef and Oum Laarayes and, finally the hope-filled experience of the collectivised lands in Djemna.

Livre – La prochaine révolution en Afrique du Nord : la lutte pour la justice climatique

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En Afrique du Nord, le désert ne cesse de s’étendre. Les récoltes sont mauvaises et les pêcheurs sont en train de perdre leurs moyens de subsistance. Dans un avenir proche, les pluies deviendront de plus en plus irrégulières, les ressources en eaux diminueront et les tempêtes seront plus violentes. Les étés seront très chauds et les hivers très froids. La sécheresse contraint déjà des villageois à abandonner leurs foyers et l’élévation du niveau de la mer détruit les terres fertiles. La chute de la production alimentaire et le tarissement des ressources en eau menacent même des mégapoles comme le Caire, Casablanca ou Alger.
Les prochaines vingt années vont transformer durablement l’Afrique du Nord et le changement climatique aura des effets dévastateurs sur la région.

Ceci n’est pas un fait naturel. La violence du changement climatique est causée par le choix de l’exploitation continue des combustibles fossiles, une décision imposée par les multinationales et les gouvernements occidentaux avec leurs élites et leurs militaires locaux.

C’est le résultat de plus d’un siècle de capitalisme et de colonialisme.  Continue reading

كتاب جديد: الثورة القادمة في شمال أفريقيا: الكفاح من أجل العدالة المناخية

 تحميل الكتاب هنا: PDF

سكان شمال أفريقيا الذين ستتعرض حياتهم أكثر للتغيير جرّاء تغير المناخ هم صغار المزارعين في دلتا النيل، وصيادي الأسماك من جربة، سكان عين صلاح في الجزائر، والملايين الذين يعيشون في مستوطنات غير رسمية في القاهرة وتونس والجزائر. ولكنهم مهمشون وممنوعون من تشكيل مستقبلهم. بدلا من ذلك، تُصاغ مخططات الطاقة والمناخ من قبل الحكومات المسيطر عليها عسكريا ومن طرف مؤيديها في الرياض وبروكسل وواشنطن دي سي. وتتعاون النخب المحلية الغنية مع الشركات المتعددة الجنسيات، والبنك الدولي والبنك الأوروبي لإعادة الإعمار والتنمية. ولكن جميع وعود وإجراءات هذه المؤسسات تبين أنها عدوة للعدالة المناخية والبقاء. cover_

تغير المناخ هو تهديد وفرصة في نفس الوقت لإحداث الإصلاحات الاجتماعية والاقتصادية التي تأجلت طويلا والتي أُخرِجَت عن مسارها أو خربت في العصور السابقة من قبل النخب التي تسعى إلى الحفاظ على امتيازاتها أو زيادتها. والفرق هو أن اليوم وجود البشرية وكوكب الأرض في حد ذاته يعتمد على استبدال النظم الاقتصادية القائمة على الاستخلاص الإقطاعي للريع أو تراكم رأس المال أو الاستغلال الطبقي بنظام يرتكز على العدالة والمساواة.  Continue reading

Le Renforcement Des Dictatures – Accaparement du gaz par le Royaume-Uni et les violations des droits humains en Algérie

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BP a signé sa première joint-venture en Algérie en 1995, trois ans seulement après le coup d’état militaire qui a annulé les premières élections législatives en Algérie depuis l’indépendance du joug colonial français. Le contrat a été signé alors qu’une guerre civile brutale faisait rage, avec la violence systématique de l’État et des islamistes fondamentalistes.

Cette signature a définie l’engagement de BP et du gouvernement britannique avec l’Algérie au cours des 20 dernières années. Il continue à façonner le contexte actuel de torture et d’impunité, de répression et de corruption. Leur empressement à pénétrer en Algérie dans les années 90, malgré la violente répression édictée par l’État, indique les priorités de l’establishment britannique. Le Royaume-Uni a favorisé ses propres intérêts économiques et a consenti à la «sale guerre» des années 1990 du régime algérien. La même approche a été suivie depuis. Continue reading

Reinforcing Dictatorships – Britain’s Gas Grab and Human Rights Abuses in Algeria

Download the report here    

algeria-briefing-cover-620x876BP signed its first joint venture in Algeria in 1995, only three years after the military coup that cancelled the first multi-party legislative elections in Algeria since independence from French colonial rule. The contract was signed while a brutal civil war was raging, with systematic violence from both the state and Islamist fundamentalists.

This signature has framed both the British government’s and BP’s engagement with Algeria over the past 20 years. It continues to shape the current context of torture and impunity, repression and corruption. Their eagerness to break into Algeria in the 1990s, despite the violent crackdown being enacted by the state, indicates the priorities of the British establishment. The UK favoured its own economic interests and acquiesced to the Algerian regime’s ‘Dirty War’ of the 1990s. The same approach has continued ever since. Continue reading